Dog Coat Types

Here is some information owners usually ask me about their pets coat types. It’s essential to know what type of coat your dog has as this is a precursor to being able to brush the coat correctly and with the right tool for the job, also the regularity and type of grooming to choose.

There are five main coat types these are Double Coat, Silky Coat, Smooth Coat, Wire Coat and Wool Coat. Here is an explanation of each:

The Double Coat.

This consists of a dense but soft undercoat covered by a longer protective top coat. It has two sub-groups, double coat one and double coat two. The breeds with coat one require much more grooming as they will need removal of dead undercoat with little or no trimming. Couple of examples of dogs with this type of coat are the German Shepherd and the Rough Collie. The Double Coat Two breeds tend to have a longer top coat so generally need extra cutting as well  to provide a shorter style for example the Lhasa Apso and the Shiatsu.

Silky coat

It is the texture of the coat type which is important and not always the length. Breeds with this coat type may need lots of trimming or only a small amount for example Yorkshire Terrier, Afghan hound and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Smooth coat

This coat type is defined by the length being short and sitting tight to the body in grooming terms.  This coat is low maintenance with the main goals being to remove dead shedding hair and give a glossy finish. Breeds include Boxer, Staffordshire Bull Terrier and Doberman.

Wire Coat

This coat type has a dense top coat with a soft undercoat.  The coat should be hand stripped to maintain the correct texture and colour nut in many pet groom cases the coat is clipped.  Examples include Border Terrier, West-highland White Terrier.

Wool Coat

Breeds with this coat type require drying and trimming techniques.  The coat is generally very fluffy and requires a lot of daily grooming.  Examples are poodle, Bichon Frise and Irish Water Spaniel.

One Response to “Dog Coat Types”
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